Periodontal Disease

Understanding Periodontal Disease and the Role of Periodontists

The term "periodontal" refers to the area around the tooth, and periodontal disease targets the gums and supporting bone. Plaque, a combination of food debris, bacteria, and saliva, can harden into calculus (tartar) if not removed, leading to gum and bone destruction. Symptoms of periodontal disease include red, swollen, and bleeding gums.

Surprisingly, four out of five individuals have periodontal disease without realizing it, especially in its early painless stages. However, it's crucial to address since it's a primary cause of tooth loss and is linked to various systemic diseases like stroke, pneumonia, diabetes, cardiovascular issues, and complications during pregnancy. Smoking further elevates the risk of periodontal disease.

Maintaining good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental check-ups can significantly reduce the risk of developing periodontal disease.

Recognizing the Signs of Periodontal Disease:

  1. Bleeding Gums: Gums shouldn't bleed during brushing or flossing.
  2. Loose Teeth: Indicate bone loss or weakened periodontal fibers.
  3. New Spacing Between Teeth: Resulting from bone loss.
  4. Persistent Bad Breath: Due to oral bacteria.
  5. Pus Around Teeth: Indicates infection.
  6. Receding Gums: Loss of gum around teeth.
  7. Red and Swollen Gums: Signs of inflammation.
  8. Tenderness or Discomfort: Irritation from plaque, calculus, and bacteria.

Difference Between a Periodontist and a Dentist:

While a general dentist manages overall oral health, a periodontist specializes in advanced gum disease treatments and surgical interventions beyond a dentist's scope. Periodontists perform procedures like deep pocket scaling, bone grafting, soft tissue removal, implant placement, crown lengthening, and hard tissue recontouring.

If you require specialized care for periodontal issues, your dentist may refer you to a periodontist for expert treatment tailored to your specific needs. Regular dental visits and prompt attention to periodontal concerns can preserve your oral health and overall well-being.

Understanding Gum Disease: Causes, Signs, and Prevention

Gum disease is a result of bacterial overgrowth in the mouth, leading to the formation of plaque and tartar on teeth. These substances, if not removed, contribute to decay that can extend below the gum line. Several factors contribute to gum disease, including:

  1. Poor Oral Hygiene: Infrequent dental visits and inadequate hygiene are primary causes of gum disease, known as periodontal disease.

  2. Smoking and Tobacco Use: These habits promote tartar buildup and hinder blood flow, impairing the healing ability of gum tissue.

  3. Dental Structure: Crooked or overlapped teeth make cleaning difficult, increasing the risk of gum disease.

  4. Nutritional Factors: Diets high in sugar and lacking essential nutrients can lead to tissue breakdown and gum disease.

  5. Hormonal Changes: Puberty, pregnancy, and menopause can affect blood flow to gums, making them more susceptible to infection.

  6. Medical Conditions: Diabetes, cancer treatments, dry mouth, certain medications, and genetic factors also contribute to gum disease risk.

Recognizing Gum Disease:

Gum disease progresses through stages, starting with reversible gingivitis. Signs of gum disease include:

  • Tender, bleeding, red, or swollen gums
  • Pain while chewing and tooth sensitivity
  • Receding gum line and persistent bad breath
  • Longer-looking teeth and loose teeth

If left untreated, gum disease can spread, leading to deeper tissue damage, tooth loss, and even systemic health risks like diabetes or heart disease.

Preventing and Treating Gum Disease:

Maintaining good oral hygiene with regular brushing, flossing, and professional cleanings is key to preventing gum disease. Early detection through routine dental visits allows for effective treatment and reversal of gingivitis before it progresses.

If you suspect gum disease, don't hesitate to schedule a dental appointment. Our team can provide personalized care to restore your gum health and prevent further complications. Your oral health impacts your overall well-being, so let's work together to keep your smile healthy and vibrant!

Improving Gum Health for a Brighter Smile

Dr. Mehmet A. Eskan collaborates with a team of local dentists to provide comprehensive gum treatments and advanced dental implant surgeries. If you're dealing with complex periodontal issues or seeking expertise in soft tissue and jaw bone conditions in Naperville, look no further than the office of Mehmet A. Eskan, DDS.

Whether you've been referred by your dentist or are proactively seeking specialized care, we're here to help. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and take the first step towards better gum health and a more vibrant smile!


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Naperville Periodontist, Dr. Mehmet A. Eskan is a professional dedicated to excellence in Periodontics such as Periodontal Disease Diagnosis & Treatment, Scaling & Root Planing (Deep Cleanings), Periodontal Maintenance Cleanings, Pocket Reduction Surgery, Periodontal Antibiotic Treatments, Gingival & Osseous Grafts, Crown Lengthening, Dental Implants & more. Dr. Mehmet A. Eskan has office locations in Naperville.

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